PERIJA – SUSTAINABILITY AND CONSERVATION
The reserve was created on January 28, 2014, in order to preserve one of the most fragile and important sites of Colombia, the Serranía del Perijá, habitat for a large number of animal species and unique plants.
The area has a high number of endemic species of fauna and flora which are threatened with extinction; also conserved forests benefit from the species of birds endemic to the upper and middle sections of the Perijá: Perijá metaltail (Metallura iracunda), The Perija Thistletail (Asthenes perijana), Perijá brush finch (Arremon perijanus) Black-fronted Nunbird Monasa (Atlapetes nigrifrons) and Tapaculo Perijá (Scytalopus sp) a new species recently discovered.
The western sector of the reserve is located on the Manaure river basin which is vital to the town of Manaure, Cesar; many water bodies are third and fourth grade Manaure River tributaries and a few others are vital for aqueducts in the sector of Cinco and El Venado.
The Reserve has some important values at the level of both faunal and floral biodiversity. According to studies by the National University in the area 177 vascular plant species have been recorded representing 46% of all species in the mountains of Perijá. In terms of wildlife 4 species of amphibians, 130 species of birds, 23 species of mammals (flying and non-flying) and 54 species of butterflies have been recorded.