LAS TANGARAS – SUSTAINABILITY
Las Tángaras Bird Reserve was created in October 2009 to protect the habitat of two endemic bird species: The Golden-ringed tanager (Bangsia aureocinta) and the Black-and-gold tanager (Bangsia melanochlamys). The Municipality Carmen de Atrato signed the memorandum of understanding to be part of the Alliance for Zero Extinction Colombia in October 2010.
Las Tangaras Bird Reserve is one of the most diverse and important tropical forest sites on earth, and protects a great elevational gradient – from 1,250 to 3,400 meters above sea level. This area protects the watershed of the Rio Atrato – the Chocó’s most important river which serves as a vital economic resource for tens of thousands of inhabitants living in poor rural communities. This strategic land acquisition helps consolidate a buffer zone protecting over one hundred thousand acres, against unsustainable rapid colonization, and strengthens the protection of several isolated indigenous communities threatened by colonization. This location became the target area for creating a new reserve. A total of sixteen private properties in the area were immediately acquired to create the 7,076 acre Tanagers Reserve.
Many water sources are born in the area, highlighting the Quebrada La Sanchez, a tributary of the Rio Atrato.
There are numerous flora species, such as epiphytes and orchids (gen. Epidendrum sp.), large trees like encenillo (Weinmanniasp) and aguacatillos (Ocota sp.) stand out among many others.
It has a high diversity index with records of 250 species of birds belonging to 15 orders and 42 families, highlighting the Golden-ringed tanager (Bangsia aureocinta) the Black-and-gold tanager (Bangsia melanochlamys), the Chocó Vireo (Vireo Masteri), the Purple-mantled Tanager (Iridosornis porphyrocephala), the Indigo Flower-Piercer (Diglossa Indigotica) and Fulvous-dotted Treerunner (Margaronis stellatus) and several species of hummingbirds like the Brown Inca (Coeligena wilsonii), Velvet-purple Coronet (Boissaneaua Jardini) and Empress Brilliant (Heliodoxa imperatrix)
In Amphibians, specimens of the families, Centrolenidae, Bufonidae and Stabomantidae, are often found, the presence of salamanders of the genus Bolitoglossa stand out.